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Vision TherapyMany vision problems do not require surgery for correction. In these situations, vision therapy is typically an option. Vision therapy is a form of physical therapy used on the eyes and brain. It is designed to resolve vision problems that can contribute to learning disabilities. This therapy can also be used an effective treatment for problems like lazy eye, crossed eyes, or double vision.

Common Questions about Vision Therapy

There is more to vision therapy than simply strengthening the eyes. It also enhances the neurological connections between the eyes and the brain. Eyes are the windows of the brain. It directly influences sight based on how it interprets images received. A healthy connection between the eyes and the brain is essential for good eyesight.

Here are answers to frequently asked questions about the nature of vision therapy:

How does vision therapy work?

It uses progressive vision exercises performed under the supervision of your eye care provider. Each set of exercises is tailored to meet the individual visual needs of a patient. These exercises are done 1-2 times per week in sessions lasting 30 minutes to a full hour. The exercises are designed to continue until visual processing problems show improvement.

What is the purpose of the vision exercises?

Vision exercises are designed to help patients improve basic visual skills that connect the eyes with the brain. These exercises can improve visual efficiency by changing how a patient interprets images. This helps them see and understand images correctly.

Do these exercises simply strengthen eye muscles?

Nothing about vision therapy is centered on strengthening eye muscles. These muscles can be strengthened through orthoptics if they need strengthening. This therapy is all about improving vision problems that may interfere with learning by strengthening the neurological pathways between the eyes and the brain.

What is the first step in a vision therapy program?

A comprehensive vision exam is necessary before starting therapy. Following the exam, your eye care provider can determine whether or not this type of therapy is the recommended treatment for your vision problems.

Is there scientific evidence that it really works?

It does work. Studies on vision therapy show it is effective in improving the lives of patients. Data shows that this therapy can improve visual function enough to keep it from interfering with a patient's ability to absorb information and learn. In its own sphere, this therapy is as effective as physical therapy or occupational therapy..

Who typically needs vision therapy?

It can be a useful tool for helping children and adults alike. Children with learning or reading problems can benefit from the vision boost these exercises provide. Eyeglasses are not the solution when the problem is visual processing. These problems can't be detected without tests done by an eye doctor. Adults can see vision improvement through this therapy as well. It can help curb eye-strain related vision processing problems brought on by working with computers all day.

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Dr. Crosby Wallace  received his Bachelor of Science in Medical Technology from The University of Texas, Masters Degree in Public Health from The University Of Texas and also received his Doctor of Optometry degree from the University of Houston College of Optometry. Dr Wallace is licensed as an Optometrist / Glaucoma Specialist by the Texas Board Of Optometry. 

Dr Wallace was an Optometry intern the United States Navy where he received a letter of Commendation for outstanding performance of duty from the Commanding Officer, Naval Medical Clinic. 

"You consistently demonstrated outstanding clinical skills and knowledge as assisted in the care and treatment of military beneficiaries. Your devotion to your profession and your patients was demonstrated through numerous patient expressions of satisfaction with the thoroughness and quality of care you rendered. It gives me great pleasure to extend my sincere appreciation for a job "well done" and wish you continued success in all your future endeavors". - R L Finke, Captain, Medical Service Corps, United States Navy

Dr. Tihomira Petkova is a therapeutic optometrist and optometric glaucoma specialist practicing in Humble, Texas

Dr.PetkovaDr. Tihomira Petkova received her Doctor of Optometry and Doctor of Philosophy degrees from the University of Houston College of Optometry in 2012. She gained extensive experience in the diagnoses and treatment of ocular diseases during her externships and practice at the University Eye Institute, Good Neighbor Clinic and La Nueva Casa de Amigos Health Center and practicing at TSO. Dr. Petkova is certified by the National Board of Examiners in Optometry and the Texas state Optometry Board. As a therapeutic optometrist she is actively involved with the management of dry eyes, ocular infections and allergies. She is also an optometric glaucoma specialist who has gained most of her clinical experience in Houston while diagnosing and managing diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma, and age related macular degeneration. She also co- manages LASIK and Cataract surgery patients with local ophthalmologists.
As a scientist Dr. Petkova seeks to understand the molecular mechanisms involved in retinal development and optic nerve regeneration and has completed post-doctoral fellowships at Weill Cornell Medical College and Baylor Medical College. She has presented her work at multiple international research conferences and is a published author of research articles and a book chapter. For her contributions to vision research Dr. Petkova has received multiple rewards amongst which most notably are the American Optometric Foundation Ezel Fellowship and Fight for Sight Foundation Fellowship.
Dr. Petkova’s primary focus in patient care is is always clear communication with each patient and providing comprehensive eye care to patients of all ages.
Dr. Petkova lives in Houston with her husband and daughter she is an avid cyclist, an amateur artesian bread baker and a supporter of the Houston Grand Opera and the Houston Symphony. She is fluent in Bulgarian, proficient in Russian and has knowledge of medical Spanish

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